By Health In Five Writer
A team headed by Dr. Imran Shaikh successfully treated a 10-year-old boy having multiple cysts in his liver and lung due to zoonosis disease spread through animals. The patient underwent right liver resection with right lung lobectomy and has resumed online schooling.
Ali Khan, a 10-year-old school boy from Uttar Pradesh’s was coughing since 9 months and couldn’t concentrate on his studies as the mucus would come out from the mouth. His family members were worried as he lost interest in his daily activities. The patient would avoid socializing as he was embarrassed and scared due to the constant coughing. He was unable to sleep or perform daily chores and his quality of life was compromised. He visited various medicos who diagnosed the condition as Tuberculosis (TB) and took treatment for 9 months. Even after taking medication, his condition didn’t improve and the patient came to Mumbai for further diagnosis at Wockhardt Hospitals, Mira Road.
Dr Imran Shaikh, consultant Surgical Gastro, and GI Oncosurgery, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road, said, “On arrival around month back the patient had pain in the abdomen, coughing, and breathing difficulty. He was evaluated by performing sonography that indicated a large cystic lesion of big size approximately 14 cm x 12 cm in the liver compressing the pancreas and kidneys. His CT scan revealed a 15 cm in size lesion in the right lung that had a big cavity that was infected and about to rupture. The patient’s previous history and records were checked and it was concluded that the mucus he is coughing is due to the bacteria in the infected cavity misdiagnosed as TB. The cysts were formed due to zoonosis infectious disease that a human contract via domestic, agricultural, or wild animals”
Zoonotic diseases are caused by harmful germs like viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi, and spread to humans through direct contact or through food, water, or the environment. Animals can appear healthy even when they are carrying germs that can make people sick. Children, older adults, one’s with weakened immune systems, and pregnant women will be at risk of this disease.
Dr Imran Shaikh said, “This patient was in direct contact with dogs and sheep in the village which are thought to be the sources of zoonosis. This infection travels to the intestine, liver and then lung wherein it completes its lifecycle, becomes adult and mature, and is known as Hydatid cyst. The Hydatid cyst becomes big in size and produces multiple daughter and granddaughter cysts. These cysts indicate that the organism is alive and it is reproducing. Sometimes, the organism creates a home and dies, or becomes small in size. In his case, the cysts were increasing in size and multiplying. When the cyst travels from the liver to the lung, it again goes into the blood and gets trapped and develops another cyst. One can have multiple cysts in the body commonly in the lung and liver. In the lung, the cyst erodes the bronchus windpipe.”
The patient was scheduled to undergo Right liver resection and right lung lower lobectomy. In this surgery we cut around 40 percent of liver and around 70 percent of right lung., so as to cure from deadly infestation. Surgery lasted for 12 hours. Patient did not require any blood transfusions. The patient was discharged after 12 days. There are some chances of recurrences so after surgery patient has started on medicines which he has to continue for 3 months. Patient also advised to avoid contact with domestic animals. Not treating him could have been disastrous as this disease keep multiplying and damage liver, lung and sometimes even future leading to death. After 3 months of treatment, He will be asked to come for follow-up on a yearly basis wherein a CT scan will be done for 5 years to check the status of the disease. Hydatid cyst is rare disease and affect people of lower socioeconomic strata. This disease is completely preventable as it gets transmitted from hand which are contaminated in stool of domestic animals. Simple good hygiene and hand cleaning can prevent this. Also, this is completely curable if timely diagnosed. Sometime diagnosis can be problem as it mimic other benign diseases of liver and lung,“ said Dr Imran Shaikh.
Tips to prevent zoonosis disease
- Wash your hands from time to time
- Wash off all produce before eating it
- Avoid being bitten or scratched by an animal
- Get your pets vaccinated and take them for regular follow-ups to the veterinarian
- Don’t eat, drink, or touch your eyes or mouth while you’re handling or in close contact with animals
- Use gloves to handle an animal that is or appears to be sick
- Clean the area where animals are kept